Job satisfaction is a multifaceted phenomenon and it affects nurses’ productivity and performance, cost saving, quality of patient care, patient safety, commitment to the organization and the profession. Besides, job dissatisfaction affects to the rate of absenteeism, turnover, intent to leave and migration. No studies have conducted to study the predictability of organizational structure and leadership form of nurse managers on nurses’ job satisfaction in Sri Lanka. The objective of this study was to examine the level of job satisfaction among nurses in a government hospital in the central province, Sri Lanka and to assess the predictability of organizational structure and leadership of nurse managers on job satisfaction among nurses. The sample consisted of 160 registered nurses in government hospital in the central province in Sri Lanka and completed measures on the job satisfaction (McCloskey/Mueller Satisfaction Scale), organizational structure (Alexander Structure Instrument) and perceived leadership form of nurse managers (Perceived Leadership Form Questionnaire). The results of the study showed that this sample of nurses was moderately satisfied with their job. Further, transformational leadership form of nurse mangers explained 32.9% of predictability in job satisfaction among nurses. The results suggest that transformational leadership form of nurse mangers as an important predictor of nurses’ job satisfaction. These findings also serve as foundation knowledge for developing strategies to enhance job satisfaction among nurses.
The papaya is the fruit of the plant Carica papaya, the sole species in the genus Carica of the plant family Caricaceae. The papaya is a large, tree-like plant, with a single stem growing from 5 to 10 m (16 to 33 ft) tall, with spirally arranged leaves confined to the top of the trunk. The lower trunk is conspicuously scarred where leaves and fruit were borne.It consists of high content of zeaxthin, proteolytic enzymes like papain and chymo papain, vitmin K, β-carotene, other phytoconstituents like polyphenols, sugars, aromatic amino acids and sulphur containing amino acids, phytosterols, starch and nutrients e. g P, S, K, Ca, Fe, Mg etc and had good health protective effects. The main objective of the present work is to evaluate the anticancer activity of various extracts of fruit of Carica papaya against Human Prostate cancer cell line DU-145. DU-145 and PC3 human prostate cancer cell lines are the “classical” cell lines of prostatic cancer DU145 cells have moderate metastatic potential compared to PC3 cells which have high metastatic potential The DU145 cell line was derived from brain metastasis. SRB assay was used to analyze the cell growth inhibition. From the present studied it had been displayed that CFE, ELE and MLE, all were exhibiting the potential capability to kill the cancer cell when compared with standard drug 5-FU. The cell growth inhibition by various extracts of fruit of Carica papaya was varied due to the presence of varying concentration of bioactive compounds. CFE had displayed the highest cell growth inhibition (94.52 %) at 6.25 µg (IC50 = 2.2 µg/ml) due to the presence of polyphenols (flavanoids), ELE with the 93.83% growth inhibition at 6.25 µg (IC50 = 2.4 µg/ml) and MLE with the 92.80% % growth inhibition at 6.25 µg (IC50 = 2.6 µg/ml).